Sunday, December 8, 2019

Pros and Cons of Entertainment free essay sample

Essay Entertainment has become a concept that has undergone the trials of time and evolution to become a very influential part of everyone’s lives. In regions such as the South Pacific, the various forms of entertainment such as music, movies and art have a major impact on the daily lives of every individual and due to its extensive reach, everyone is seen to be well-versed with what entertainment has to provide. This essay shall exhort discussions based on the pros and cons of entertainment in terms of its contribution to its recipients, various represented ideas and its influential impacts on the society.First and foremost, entertainment in its many forms has proven to provide its recipients with various recompenses. One of those involves the decrease in stress levels. Since there are vast arrays of ways that would suit the stress reduction needs of the people, entertainment becomes a subject that is mainly referred to as stress reducing concept which allows a person to divert their attention from day to day worries and regain their energy for further activities along with being intact with the better side of their behaviour. In a Pacific country, such things are essential to deal with due to the multi-cultural â€Å"disposition† of the society where everyone is to have a calm and collected mind in order to get through the day especially those who work in stressful environments and those who are schooling. So whether it be a movie, listening to music or playing games on a console, it all intrinsically helps a person to maintain a healthy mental state for further contentions to deal with in day to day activities. According to Seelam (Seelam, 2004), â€Å"entertainment to the people is like a recycling plant, converts the garbage of stress into useful material. Furthermore, the scope of variety in entertainment also has educational materials which offer varieties of benefits such as heightened moral senses, further depth into the knowledge about the world and a few ideas about structures of certain languages. Shows such as the Discovery Channel and National Geographic Channel presents viewers with the knowledge of the world while they are sitting in front of their television sets. Not only that, but shows such as the Oprah Winfrey Show helps viewers by providing them with advice on certain issues regarding life.There are many other branches of such educational concepts in the entertainment tree that not only augments the knowledge of an individual, but it also creates awareness about the ambience they reside in. As in accord to Eric (Ponds, 2001) â€Å"People are also taught to appreciate arts and culture that is portrayed through various events such as drama, art conventions and religious events†. It also enables metamorphosis of a person in terms of the way he or she interacts with the society and with different cultural structures. Additionally, entertainment has economical perks such as the wide area of job availability for the locals. In the Pacific Islands, it could be ranging from anything to a festival performer to an announcer on the radio or even an actor on TV serials. There is also the need for sports entertainment such as soccer and rugby thus players are hired to play the sport which in turn becomes a scenarios of a mutual benefit. The players get what they need, and the audience is fed with their dose of entertainment.A research by the American Financial Institute in 2005 revealed the tremendous contribution of entertainment events to the economy of the country as carnivals and circuses proved to have contributed more than three million dollars in an average within a year. Such things in the Pacific will ensure the reduction of poverty and allow a mutual benefit of the ones on the working and on the receiving end along with the benefit of the country. However, though entertainment has made its mark on every individual in the society, it has also left its scars as it has its disadvantages in terms of creating negative repercussions on individuals. The normal lifestyle of today may have been augmented due to the excessive implementation of foreign ideas, but it also has been altered faster than change could supersede to. Entertainment that is presented to the Pacific population nowadays has become so influential that the people have been washed away from true culture into its ideals. A related aspect is the fact that modern individuals usually have a great tendency to get addicted to any of the form of entertainment they have had an overexposure to.For instance, students being distracted from schoolwork by movies and videogames, men being neglectful of their children due to certain sport events and the most common one where housewives get distracted by TV serials as they overlook the housework that is to be done. All of these would result in consequences such as bad grades and family issues which are some of the predicaments faced by the people of the Pacific. According to J. Spencer (Spencer, 2010), â€Å"addiction has many f orms when it comes to being addicted to an entertainment form, there is the one that’s bad and then the one that’s worse. Women are to take charge of the house when the man is out, not to watch another woman on TV do that. † Additionally, the individuals of today have adapted to another standard of socialising and lifestyle customs that were never proposed by cultures in the first place. Things such as fashion, food, and living behaviour have all took a huge leap due to the ideas presented by the different forms of entertainment. Promoted by movies and music the imminent changes in peoples’ lives have caused a social collapse whereby individuals are unable to maintain the cultural authenticity of the country.A survey conducted in North Carolina’s Institute of Health and Public Services analysed the reasons for the rise in obesity among children below the age of twelve as it was surprising to see that about eighty-nine percent of the people blamed TV commercials and promotions of junk foods through various forms of entertainment such as TV shows and movies. This degradation of the sta ndard of living that has also brought up problems like non-communicable diseases such as diabetes, blood pressure, stroke, heart disease and the most common Alzheimer’s disease which have become obstacles in the life of people today.Finally, it has become obvious that some forms of entertainment, especially television, seems to portray concepts that represent offence as nothing is done about it due to the amount of favours these shows get for their â€Å"crudity† that a lot of modern viewers find to be amusing. Programs like The Simpsons, Family Guy and South Park promote crude humour based on subjects of racism, sexism and other forms of discrimination which is detrimental when it comes into the implementation of viewing the society.In accord to Stephanie (. J, 2001), â€Å"Such programs not only corrupt the mind of the one watching it, but it also develops the root of humanity based crisis’ such as racism, sexism, mockery and prejudice against those who are placed under the limelight of it†. Nowadays we have children speaking in terms which they aren’t supposed to think about, so there is a development of such a mentality at such a young age. All these things could lead to a major predicament among societies.In conclusion, it was seen that the pros and cons had outweighed each other in the feud about the disposition of entertainment in the Pacific which is home to a variety of cultures and due to that, specific forms of influence and ideals could tip the balance of t he flourishing society and since entertainment has a great magnitude of supremacy on the modern people of today, it becomes an influential power whose capacity is to be fathomed for a better understanding of its capabilities. It can be said that entertainment has a kaleidoscopic series of outcomes that could become the deciding factor of our resulting society.

Sunday, December 1, 2019

Panasonic and Japans Changing Culture free essay sample

Only a few companies at first started to lay off employees and go back on their promises of employment until retirement because the older their workers, although they worked hard, also were less efficient than younger workers were. As the younger generations saw this happening they concluded that loyalty to both the company and workers would not be reciprocated anymore and became less harder working than previous. This undermined the traditional culture in Japan of the central bargains of housing and retirement packages for an employees hard work and loyalty. Japan’s businesses in the future have to operate with more than one plan when they hire workers to effectively. In 1999 Panasonic gave recruits three different choices when they were signed on in employment. They could continue with being given housing, go free to company social events, and buy cheaper services from banks, while also receiving a two year salary bonus when they retired. We will write a custom essay sample on Panasonic and Japans Changing Culture or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page They could choose to forgo the retirement bonus, while keeping the company housing and be given a higher salary, or they could forgo the retirement bonus and any subsidized services but would be given an even higher salary. In addition to the changes in hiring, companies needed employees to be more risk taking and needed to encourage individuality which is something that was not very prevalent in Japan. Without employees taking risks, companies would suffer and that is what happened to Panasonic as they were forced to close thirty factories, and cut 13,000 jobs while selling â€Å"huge amounts of assets†. 3. Japanese culture in the 1950’s-1980’s benefited Panasonic greatly because of how after the World War II defeat, Japan was humiliated and it seemed fair that they would be taken care of if they worked hard for their company. For Panasonic this was a great thing because employees worked extremely hard for the greater good of Panasonic and Panasonic responded by giving the employees â€Å"blessings† of company housing, and free social events. 4. With Panasonic cutting 15,000 employees and closing another additional 27 plants, Panasonic is trying to achieve a lower overhead cost in operation and also is trying to find out who their best workers are so that they are not kept down when they should be promoted. By quickly responding to the recession, it showed a change in Panasonic’s company policies and shows that they might be moving even further away from company subsidized housing and to make employees become harder workers not because they know that they cannot be fired, but that they can be fired, at any time. If Panasonic implements these changes quickly, they will receive a lot of backlash from all those displaced employees and if they did it like this it would truly symbolize how Panasonic has changed into a company that is becoming westernized and is only concerned with how the company does and not their employees. If the changes take years to implement, although it would greatly affect the profitability of the company, it would give employees chances to adapt to changes of no longer being employed and give them chances to be hired in another company. By making changes slowly, Panasonic would be able to claim that it still wished to use the old way of never cutting jobs but it could not do it in this economy and had to do so to survive. 5. The Panasonic case teaches me that there is a fine line between societal culture and business success and sometimes you have to be able to choose between the two to realize which is more important to you. To some companies, such as Panasonic, trying hard to keep with the societal culture becomes too much of a strain for a company to bear so they are forced to adapt and realize that business success is more important that having all your workers love you. It may not be the type of business practice that gives you the best reputation but it will give you the greatest profit margins.

Tuesday, November 26, 2019


NHL I English **************************************************************** Thank you for purchasing EA Sports NHL 2002. This README file contains information on features not covered in the manual, as well as more detailed information on certain features already covered in the manual. The README file also contains information on performance issues, multiplayer issues, 3D Acceleration issues, and hardware issues.ATI Rage 128 logo################################################################ 1) Performance Issues and Troubleshooting a) 3D Accelerators b) Improving Gameplay Performance c) Improving Graphic Details d) Memory e) Sound Card f) CD-ROM g) Joystick h) Modem i) Network j) Internet 2) Importing your face 3) Custom Teams/Import Logo 4) Importing Music 5) Career Mode 6) Coaching Pressure 7) AI Options 8) Saving and Loading Settings 9) Game Controls 10) Update 11) Matchmaker 12) Screenshots 13) Stat Abbreviations 14) Operating Systems ############################### ################################# ================================================================ 1) Performance Issues and Troubleshooting ================================================================ a) 3D Accelerators *3D SETUP PROGRAM* 3D Setup is the utility that lets you choose which 3D card you want to use with NHL 2002. NHL 2002 supports most newer 3D accelerators. You must have a supported 3D accelerator to run NHL 2002.3D Setup is automatically run in the background when you first install NHL 2002. It will choose the best 3D accelerator on your system to run with NHL 2002.If you want to change the 3D accelerator used with NHL 2002, or if you install a new 3D accelerator, run 3DSetup located in the Start Menu under EA SPORTS NHL 2002.*Note:Voodoo cards using a resolution greater than 800x600 have troubles running the game. Please make sure your resolution is set at 480x640.ATI Rage Pro It would appear that there is some sort of incompatibility issue when running our game with Windows ME and a Rage Pro that causes excessive...

Friday, November 22, 2019

Cognitive Grammar - Definition and Discussion

Cognitive Grammar - Definition and Discussion Cognitive grammar is a  usage-based approach to grammar that emphasizes symbolic and semantic definitions of theoretical concepts that have traditionally been analyzed as purely syntactic.Cognitive grammar is associated with wider movements in contemporary language studies, especially cognitive linguistics  and functionalism. The term cognitive grammar was introduced by American linguist Ronald Langacker in his two-volume study Foundations of Cognitive Grammar (Stanford University Press, 1987/1991). Observations Portraying grammar as a purely formal system is not just wrong but wrong-headed. I will argue, instead, that grammar is meaningful. This is so in two respects. For one thing, the elements of grammar- like vocabulary items- have meanings in their own right. Additionally, grammar allows us to construct and symbolize the more elaborate meanings of complex expressions (like phrases, clauses, and sentences). It is thus an essential aspect of the conceptual apparatus through which we apprehend and engage the world.(Ronald W. Langacker, Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction. Oxford University Press, 2008)Symbolic AssociationsCognitive grammar . . . chiefly departs from traditional theories of language in its contention that the way in which we produce and process language is determined not by the rules of syntax but by the symbols evoked by linguistic units. These linguistic units include morphemes, words, phrases, clauses, sentences and whole texts, all of which are deemed inherently sym bolic in nature. The way in which we join linguistic units together is also symbolic rather than rule-driven because grammar is itself meaningful   (Langacker 2008a: 4). In claiming a direct symbolic association between linguistic form (what it terms phonological structure) and semantic structure, Cognitive Grammar denies the need for an organizational system to mediate between the phonological and semantic structures (i.e. syntax).(Clara Neary, Profiling the Flight of The Windhover. (Cognitive Grammar in Literature, ed. by  Chloe Harrison et al. John Benjamins, 2014)​ Assumptions of Cognitive GrammarA Cognitive Grammar is based on the following assumptions... .:The grammar of a language is part of human cognition and interacts with other cognitive faculties, especially with perception, attention, and memory. . . .The grammar of a language reflects and presents generalizations about phenomena in the world as its speakers experience them. . . .Forms of grammar are, like lexical items, meaningful and never empty or meaningless, as often assumed in purely structural models of grammar.The grammar of a language represents the whole of a native speakers knowledge of both the lexical categories and the grammatical structures of her language.The grammar of a language is usage-based in that it provides speakers with a variety of structural options to present their view of a given scene.(G. Radden and R. Dirven, Cognitive English Grammar. John Benjamins, 2007)Langackers  Four PrinciplesA primary commitment to Cognitive Grammar is . . . to provide an optima l set of constructs for explicitly describing the linguistic structure. Its formulation has been guided throughout by a number of principles thought to be helpful in achieving such optimality. The first principle . . . is that functional considerations should inform the process from the outset and be reflected in the frameworks architecture and descriptive apparatus. Because the functions of language involve the manipulation and symbolization of conceptual structures, a second principle is the need to characterize such structures at a reasonable level of explicit detail and technical precision. To be revealing, however, descriptions must be natural and appropriate. Thus, a third principle is that language and languages have to be described in their own terms, without the imposition of artificial boundaries or Procrustean modes of analysis based on conventional wisdom. As a corollary, formalization is not to be considered an end in itself, but must rather be assessed for its utility at a given stage of an investigation. That no attempt has yet been made to formalize Cognitive Grammar reflects the judgment that the cost of the requisite simplifications and distortions would greatly outweigh any putative benefits. Finally, a fourth principle is that claims about language should be broadly compatible with secure findings of related disciplines (e.g., cognitive psychology, neuroscience, and evolutionary biology). Nevertheless, the claims and descriptions of Cognitive Grammar are all supported by specifically linguistic considerations.(Ronald W. Langacker, Cognitive Grammar.  The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Linguistics, ed. by  Dirk Geeraerts and Herbert Cuyckens. Oxford University Press, 2007)

Thursday, November 21, 2019

Bureaucracy Assignment Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Bureaucracy Assignment - Research Paper Example The development of science and technology during the 1950s and 60s called for an increased in education funding which later expanded to education of the poor, minorities, women, the disabled and foreign nationals. This led to the passage of a Public Law Act for the creation of a Department of Education Organization in 1979. The main priorities of this department was to ensure equal access to education for all, to improve the quality of education, involve both parents and public in matters of education, increase federal research and support, improve coordination, management and efficiency of federal education programs and increase the accountability of such programs to the President. While the initial purpose of the department is being upheld till date, the increasing global competitiveness has also increased the need to prepare the American students to face this challenged through fostering excellent educational opportunities to all classes of people. The present Secretary of the US Department of Education is Arne Duncun. He was nominated by the President-elect Barack Obama to be the secretary of education and the US Senate confirmed his position on the Inauguration Day in 2009. The major goal of the department of education is to ensure equal access to education for all and also to improve the excellence of education throughout the country. The secretary in the Department of Education coordinates, supervises and directs all the activities within the department in addition to performing the role of the principle advisor to the President in matters concerning federal policies, programs and other related events in the field of education. The secretary remains the Chief Operating Officer of the Department and is followed in succession by the deputy and under Secretary, General Counsel and Chief Financial Officer. The Deputy Secretary in the Department of Education is responsible for developing and implementing educational policies and programs for the elementary an d secondary educational programs, which involves providing a safe and drug-free environment in schools, special education for students with disabilities and rehabilitative education for those coming from a culturally different background and development of interventional education programs and reforms. The Under Secretary is concerned with postsecondary, higher and adult educational policies and programs, college aids and reforms for the Presidential Pell Grant program. The secretary is supported by members who constitute the immediate office of the secretary. They are required to provide logistics support and advice to the secretary. The members include the Chief of Staff, Deputy Chief of Staff for Strategy and Policy and Programs, Senior Advisor and White House Liaison. The immediate office of the Secretary in turn directs the executive management staff who provide administrative and management services, scheduling and advance staff who are concerned with managing the daily inform ation needs of the office of the Secretary and logistics, the executive secretariat tracks all the correspondence between the offices of the Secretary, Deputy and Under Secretary, the White house initiative in tribal colleges and university staff seeks to ensure the tribal colleges are granted proper accreditation in addition to gaining federal grants and high-quality education for all, the International Affairs Office offers advice on international issues and initiatives that may affect the educational polic

Tuesday, November 19, 2019

Concept memo or a proposal letter [this mini-proposal, which can be an Research

Concept memo or a letter [this mini- , which can be an expanded formal targeted at a specific Request f - Research Proposal Example Basic requirements The Pollution Prevention (P2) grant program has been initiated by aforementioned authorities for funding projects that aim at promoting environmental protection and reduction of waste emission. This program acknowledges the need to control number of lives that are lost each year to harmful social and environmental evils. Many business operations have devastating impact on our environment and health of people in surroundings. Pollution, gas emissions and contamination are common consequences for any business activity, which affect life expectancy of people across the globe. It is high time that several projects shall be initiated, that are dedicated to addressing these grave concerns and guarantee effective positive results upon completion of them. Businesses must become part of this program and promote awareness of environmental concerns and adoption of source reduction techniques (Norfolk and District, 1996; Blomquist, 1994). To cater this, a project has been plan ned to be initiated that provides technical assistance in designing measures of preventing pollution at the root source only. Offered solutions This project shall facilitate on-site training and education of employees for moving radically towards greener side and being more environment-friendly and health-conscious. It will provide learning opportunities for key personnel to conduct change management effectively within their organizations promoting positive attitudes and awareness for environmental footprint of business activities. Programs and events shall be arranged to educate the masses and create awareness to gain public support. Major objectives of this project include substantial reduction of carbon gas emissions and discovery of alternatives for factors of input that are either unsafe or otherwise have sustainability concerns. Heavy and thorough research is planned to be carried out to find new methods and horizons which enhance environmental performance of business and radi cally convert conventional business processes into pro-environment practices. Focusing on hazardous pollutants that are used in or result from business activities, this project aims at saving forests and trees, condemning chemical processes that increase carbon dioxide or greenhouse gas emission and running pressure groups to promote usage of low carbon-emission vehicles polluting our environment. Implementation plan A detailed plan of implementation has been developed to achieve the planned outcomes from this project. Significant funding shall be required for conducting in-depth research for finding alternate methods and material (Kegler, et al., 1998). Various market surveys and interviewing techniques shall be deployed to collect vast amount of data and statistics from diversified sources. The project will require essential information regarding activities that cause carbon emission, costs involved, strong environmental and social stances taken by various green organizations, way s to improve efficiency of material having sustainability concerns, other projects working towards similar goals and other vital data that may be required from time to time. Thereafter,

Sunday, November 17, 2019

Ethical issues in international business Essay Example for Free

Ethical issues in international business Essay When we pay a large tip to secure a specific table in a restaurant. There is usually some personal happiness-related reason behind our action. Among many of our reasons could be that we want to be nearer to performers on the stage in order for us to secure a better view for our enjoyment. Another reason could be that we want to have a specific view available for us while we dine. If we do not pay a large tip, then there is a bigger risk that we would not get the table that we want. Therefore paying the large tip reduced that risk significantly and makes us likely to get what we want. This case is the same as when a business company pays a bride to certain entities in order to secure a contract. When perceived in Bentham’s perspective, â€Å"happiness† to a business may be equated to progress and profit which in turn may be acquired through appropriate business actions such as securing profitable contracts. The company pays a certain amount in order to get more business which will eventually pay back several fold. This is exactly the utilitarian principle that Bentham explained which may be neatly applied to both cases. In the restaurant, the customer pays a larger tip in order to enjoy the â€Å"happiness† of a specific table. In business, the company pays a bribe in order to enjoy the â€Å"happiness† of obtaining a contract. Although one of the two situations is illegal, that does not mean that the principle between the two situations are different. In as much as companies are not allowed by law to make bribes for contracts, slipping a $50 for a waiter to secure a seat often happens without the knowledge of the waiter’s supervisor. In that sense we may see that both actions to have moral repercussions. It is just that one tends to be more pronounced with respect to its consequences than the other.